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Research Releases in Culture & Media • August 4, 2016

Conventional wisdom might dictate that the most effective approach to reducing drug use would be to make drugs illegal. Though ever since Nixon declared war on drugs in 1971, calling drug abuse “public enemy number one” and implementing aggressive, heavy-handed enforcement, there have been mixed results. As Dan Baum says in Harper’s Magazine, “How did the United States entangle itself in a policy of drug prohibition that has yielded so much misery and so few good results?”

The current debate about America’s drug policy, and the experiment with marijuana in a handful of states is challenging longheld assumptions about combatting drug use, and public opinion is reflecting this new reality. In Barna’s most recent study, American adults were asked their view on the legality of drugs in the U.S. Though many believe most drugs should be illegal, a majority hold a more nuanced view, particularly when it comes to recreational drugs like marijuana.

Drugs Should Be Illegal, but with Exceptions
When asked their view on the legality of drugs in the U.S., one-third of the general population believes all drugs should be illegal (32%). This reflects the relatively strict policy of prohibition that has been dominant in the United States for the last few decades. Though the most popular view, and one that has gained significant ground in recent years is less black and white: two in five adults (40%) now believe only hard drugs should be illegal, but recreational drugs like marijuana should be legal. Smaller percentages (13%) believe all drugs should be legal but regulated, and only 3 percent believe all drugs should be legal and there should be no regulations on drugs. Just over one in 10 (12%) have no opinion on the issue.

Legality of Drugs Popular Among the Young, Non-Religious, and Liberal
Though still an opinion held by many, the belief that all drugs should be illegal is becoming less popular, particularly among the younger generations. Less than three in 10 Millennials (29%) believe all drugs should be illegal, a view that increases in popularity with age, with nearly half of all Elders (46%) holding this belief.

Faith and ideology are also key indicators—practicing Christians (43%) are more likely than average to believe all drugs should be illegal, and evangelicals are more than double the national average at 66 percent. Those with no faith are much lower at only 17 percent. When it comes to political ideology, more than half of conservatives (51%) believe all drugs should be illegal, compared to only 17 percent of liberals.

Recreational Drugs Like Marijuana Should Be Legal
As of right now, twenty-five states and the District of Columbia currently have laws legalizing marijuana in some form. Alaska, Oregon, Washington and Colorado have all legalized recreational marijuana. Many of these laws are brand new, passing in the last five or six years. Barna’s data reflects this reality, showing that two in five adults (40%) believe only hard drugs should be illegal, but recreational drugs like marijuana should be legal. Again, the younger generations favor this view more than the older generations. 42 percent of Millennials favor the legalization of recreational drugs like marijuana, compared to only one-quarter of Elders (24%).

Practicing Christians (34%) are a little lower than average, but evangelicals (16%) are among the lowest segment to believe recreational drugs like marijuana should be legal. Half of those with no faith (49%) favor legalizing recreational drugs. Again, the ideological divide is clear, with liberals almost twice as likely as conservatives to favor the legalization of recreational drugs like marijuana (51% compared to 27%).

In one of Barna’s previous studies in 2014, it was found that 58 percent of adults believed marijuana should be made legal in the U.S. Though the questions were asked differently in the 2014 and the 2016 surveys—making it impossible to compare them directly—by adding together all those in the 2016 survey who believe either that recreational drugs like marijuana should be legal (40%) or that all drugs should be legal, regulated (13%) or not (3%), the total number would be 56 percent, very close to the 58 percent reported on the 2014 survey, showing a certain level of consistency when it comes to support for the legalization of recreational drugs across the country.

Most Believe in Drug Regulation
That said, almost everyone still believes there should be some regulation on drugs, even when they are completely legal. Thirteen percent of the general population believe all drugs should be legal but regulated, while only a small fraction of the population believe all drugs should be legal without regulation (3%). The only groups with a slightly higher than average response for zero regulation were liberals and those with no faith, both with 6 percent each.

What the Research Means
“As with so many issues of social morality, the divisions around legalizing drug use fall along generational, religious and ideological lines,” says Roxanne Stone, editor in chief of Barna and director of the study. “However, views toward recreational drug use in particular, are softening. Evangelicals and conservatives (often overlapping groups) remain most opposed to legalizing any kind of drug. This is certainly true to a religious history of abstinence from intoxicating substances. Additionally, much of the ‘war on drugs’ was framed in the context of family values—an ideology that drove much of the conservative right for the past forty years.

“The general population though—particularly younger Americans—have grown weary of the war on drugs and the pressures it has placed on law enforcement, prisons and tax dollars,”  Stone observes. “While Americans are not comfortable ending the war altogether, they are expressing a desire to see the money and energy of that war funneled toward harder drugs and alternative approaches.

“Christians have a long history of weighing the morality of alcohol and drug use,” Stone continues. “Those debates will likely continue—and more Christians, especially younger ones, will probably begin to see marijuana as an acceptable pastime. Spiritual influencers will need to approach conversations around drugs with care, showing grace even as they caution against the potential long-term damage that drug use and abuse can cause.

“Churches have a unique insight into this damage—having long played host to various addiction services. Often meeting in church basements and fellowship halls, these ministries remain a unique way the church can support those who are struggling with any kind of substance abuse.” Stone concludes. “The presence of addiction support groups continues to be one of the most positive and helpful outreach tools churches have around these issues.”

Comment on this research and follow our work:
Twitter: @davidkinnaman | @roxyleestone | @barnagroup
Facebook: Barna Group

About the Research
The study on which these findings are based was conducted via online survey from April 7 to April 14, 2016. A total of 1,097 interviews were conducted. The sample error is plus or minus 2.8 percentage points at 95-percent confidence level. The completion rate was 85%.

Practicing Christian: Those who attend a religious service at least once a month, who say their faith is very important in their lives and self-identify as a Christian
No faith: identify as agnostic or atheist, or as having no faith

Evangelicals: Have made a personal commitment to Jesus Christ that is still important in their life today and believe that, when they die, they will go to heaven because they have confessed their sins and accepted Jesus Christ as their savior, plus seven other conditions. These conditions include saying their faith is very important in their life today; believing they have a personal responsibility to share their religious beliefs about Christ with non-Christians; believing that Satan exists; believing that Jesus Christ lived a sinless life on earth; asserting that the Bible is accurate in all that it teaches; believing that eternal salvation is possible only through grace, not works; and describing God as the all-knowing, all-powerful, perfect deity who created the universe and still rules it today. Being classified as an evangelical is not dependent upon church attendance or the denominational affiliation of the church attended. Respondents were not asked to describe themselves as “evangelical.”

Millennials: Born between 1984 and 2002
Busters/Gen-Xers: Born between 1965 and 1983
Boomers: Born between 1946 and 1964
Elders: Born between 1945 or earlier

Liberal: identify as mostly liberal when it comes to political issues.
Conservative: identify as mostly conservative when it comes to political issues.

About Barna Group
The Barna Group is a private, non-partisan, for-profit organization under the umbrella of the Issachar Companies. Located in Ventura, California, Barna Group has been conducting and analyzing primary research to understand cultural trends related to values, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors since 1984.

© Barna Group, 2016.


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YOU MUST CREDIT MARIJUANA MAJORITY IF YOU AIR, CITE, PUBLISH OR BROADCAST THESE RESULTS IN WHOLE OR PART.
 
By Narrow Margins, Americans See Irony in Marijuana Legislation That Prohibits Users from Owning Guns, Competing in the NFL, 
And Working at Big-City Newspapers; Overwhelming Support for Individual-State Pot Laws Rather Than Umbrella Federal Policy: 

By 6:1, Americans say that individual states should be able to make their own laws governing the use and sale of marijuana, according to a nationwide SurveyUSA poll commissioned by Marijuana Majority. 1,500 adults were surveyed 06/19/17 and 06/20/17. Among the key findings: 

46% of Americans say that professional athletes should be able to use marijuana if it is legal for them to do so in the state where they live. The National Football League currently prohibits players from using marijuana even if it is legal for them to do so. 38% of Americans say pro athletes should not be allowed to use marijuana. 48% of Americans say otherwise law-abiding citizens should be allowed to purchase a firearm if their use of marijuana is allowed by state law. 37% say those who use marijuana legally should not be permitted to purchase a firearm. 

50% of Americans say journalists who live in locations where the use of marijuana is legal should be allowed to use marijuana, even though their employer may consider drug use to be a violation of their policies. 35% of Americans say journalists should not be able to use marijuana, even if state law permits them to do so. 

Not surprisingly, conservatives and liberals see the issue differently, as do younger Americans and seniors. In addition: men are more willing to allow marijuana usage than are women; urban dwellers are more receptive to marijuana usage than are suburban and rural residents; and those in the Western region of the country are more tolerant of pot users than are those in other regions. 

Cell-phone and landline respondents were included in this survey.

 
1 Do you understand the difference between medical marijuana and recreational marijuana?
1500 Adults All Gender Age <50 / 50+ Race Party Affiliation Party Affiliation Ideology Ideology Education Income Religion Union Military Househo Abortion Registered Urbanity Region Cell Phone
Credibility Interval: ± 1.7 pct points Male Female 18-34 35-49 50-64 65+ 18-49 50+ White Black Hispanic Asian / Strong R Republic Indy Lea Independ Indy Lea Democrat Strong D Republic Independ Democrat Very Con Somewhat Moderate Somewhat Very Lib Conserva Moderate Liberal High Sch Some Col 4-year C < $40K $40K – $ > $80K Protesta Catholic Other Ch Somethin Yes No Yes No Pro-life Pro-choi Yes No Urban Suburban Rural Northeas Midwest South West Yes No
Yes 88% 87% 88% 91% 89% 91% 78% 90% 86% 89% 86% 86% 78% 91% 92% 90% 88% 91% 85% 92% 92% 89% 87% 91% 85% 88% 90% 97% 88% 88% 93% 83% 90% 89% 82% 92% 90% 90% 88% 81% 85% 87% 88% 86% 88% 85% 90% 90% 72% 91% 87% 85% 92% 92% 87% 82% 89% 84%
No 5% 6% 5% 4% 8% 3% 6% 6% 4% 4% 6% 12% 3% 5% 3% 3% 3% 2% 8% 5% 4% 3% 7% 5% 6% 6% 1% 1% 6% 6% 1% 10% 3% 5% 8% 4% 3% 4% 3% 10% 9% 4% 5% 5% 5% 6% 5% 4% 15% 5% 4% 9% 2% 3% 5% 10% 6% 4%
Not Sure 7% 7% 7% 5% 3% 6% 16% 4% 10% 7% 7% 2% 19% 4% 5% 8% 8% 7% 7% 3% 5% 8% 6% 4% 8% 6% 9% 2% 7% 6% 6% 7% 7% 7% 9% 4% 7% 6% 9% 9% 6% 9% 7% 10% 6% 9% 6% 6% 14% 4% 9% 6% 6% 5% 8% 8% 6% 12%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 48% 52% 23% 28% 29% 21% 50% 50% 68% 11% 13% 7% 7% 16% 12% 17% 9% 21% 13% 23% 38% 33% 12% 20% 35% 14% 12% 32% 35% 26% 23% 32% 45% 37% 35% 28% 21% 26% 21% 14% 10% 88% 20% 79% 35% 50% 88% 11% 29% 53% 17% 19% 22% 36% 24% 79% 21%
 
 
2 Medical marijuana is recommended by a doctor to treat a medical condition, and is legal in a majority of states. In 8 states, it is legal for adults over 21 to consume recreational marijuana legally, without needing a doctor’s involvement. But both medical AND recreational marijuana use violate federal law. Regardless of your own views about the legalization of marijuana, should states be able to enact their own marijuana laws without interference from the federal government? Or, should the federal government arrest and prosecute individuals who are following state marijuana laws?
1500 Adults All Gender Age <50 / 50+ Race Party Affiliation Party Affiliation Ideology Ideology Education Income Religion Union Military Househo Abortion Registered Urbanity Region Cell Phone
Credibility Interval: ± 2.2 pct points Male Female 18-34 35-49 50-64 65+ 18-49 50+ White Black Hispanic Asian / Strong R Republic Indy Lea Independ Indy Lea Democrat Strong D Republic Independ Democrat Very Con Somewhat Moderate Somewhat Very Lib Conserva Moderate Liberal High Sch Some Col 4-year C < $40K $40K – $ > $80K Protesta Catholic Other Ch Somethin Yes No Yes No Pro-life Pro-choi Yes No Urban Suburban Rural Northeas Midwest South West Yes No
States Should Enact Their Own 76% 78% 75% 81% 79% 72% 72% 80% 72% 78% 72% 72% 67% 65% 74% 77% 75% 84% 76% 87% 72% 78% 80% 56% 77% 77% 83% 93% 69% 77% 87% 74% 76% 77% 75% 77% 77% 71% 82% 70% 78% 84% 76% 74% 77% 68% 87% 78% 63% 80% 76% 72% 80% 78% 75% 74% 78% 69%
Arrest / Prosecute Those Following 12% 14% 11% 12% 10% 13% 14% 11% 14% 13% 10% 10% 11% 27% 19% 14% 10% 9% 10% 5% 22% 11% 8% 30% 14% 11% 2% 5% 20% 11% 4% 10% 13% 13% 9% 12% 16% 16% 9% 17% 9% 11% 12% 15% 11% 20% 6% 12% 15% 10% 13% 13% 8% 11% 16% 10% 11% 16%
Not Sure 12% 9% 15% 6% 12% 15% 13% 9% 14% 9% 18% 18% 22% 7% 7% 9% 15% 7% 15% 9% 7% 11% 12% 14% 9% 12% 15% 2% 11% 12% 9% 15% 11% 10% 16% 11% 7% 13% 10% 13% 13% 5% 12% 12% 12% 13% 8% 10% 22% 10% 11% 15% 12% 11% 9% 16% 11% 15%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 48% 52% 23% 28% 29% 21% 50% 50% 68% 11% 13% 7% 7% 16% 12% 17% 9% 21% 13% 23% 38% 33% 12% 20% 35% 14% 12% 32% 35% 26% 23% 32% 45% 37% 35% 28% 21% 26% 21% 14% 10% 88% 20% 79% 35% 50% 88% 11% 29% 53% 17% 19% 22% 36% 24% 79% 21%
 
 
3 Some athletes say marijuana is a good, alternative pain-killer to opioids and prescription drugs. But the National Football League and Ultimate Fighting Championship suspend players for marijuana use even if marijuana is legal in the state where the player lives. Should athletes be able to use marijuana in states where it is legal to do so? Or, do you think athletes should be suspended for using marijuana even if they have broken no law?
1500 Adults All Gender Age <50 / 50+ Race Party Affiliation Party Affiliation Ideology Ideology Education Income Religion Union Military Househo Abortion Registered Urbanity Region Cell Phone
Credibility Interval: ± 2.6 pct points Male Female 18-34 35-49 50-64 65+ 18-49 50+ White Black Hispanic Asian / Strong R Republic Indy Lea Independ Indy Lea Democrat Strong D Republic Independ Democrat Very Con Somewhat Moderate Somewhat Very Lib Conserva Moderate Liberal High Sch Some Col 4-year C < $40K $40K – $ > $80K Protesta Catholic Other Ch Somethin Yes No Yes No Pro-life Pro-choi Yes No Urban Suburban Rural Northeas Midwest South West Yes No
Should Be Able To Use 46% 48% 43% 58% 51% 41% 31% 54% 37% 45% 46% 56% 29% 31% 35% 40% 47% 65% 50% 52% 34% 49% 51% 26% 33% 48% 55% 70% 30% 48% 62% 44% 47% 45% 48% 47% 41% 37% 42% 44% 53% 42% 46% 47% 45% 34% 55% 46% 42% 56% 43% 35% 42% 47% 44% 49% 49% 32%
Suspended If They Use 38% 40% 37% 31% 32% 42% 49% 32% 45% 38% 37% 33% 52% 56% 50% 48% 35% 23% 38% 26% 52% 36% 33% 62% 50% 37% 31% 12% 54% 37% 23% 33% 38% 42% 33% 40% 43% 48% 39% 43% 33% 45% 38% 40% 38% 53% 29% 38% 38% 34% 40% 41% 36% 37% 41% 37% 36% 47%
Not Sure 16% 12% 20% 11% 17% 17% 20% 14% 18% 17% 17% 11% 18% 13% 16% 12% 18% 13% 12% 22% 15% 15% 16% 12% 17% 16% 14% 17% 15% 16% 16% 23% 15% 13% 20% 13% 16% 14% 19% 13% 14% 12% 16% 14% 17% 13% 16% 15% 19% 10% 16% 24% 22% 16% 15% 14% 15% 21%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 48% 52% 23% 28% 29% 21% 50% 50% 68% 11% 13% 7% 7% 16% 12% 17% 9% 21% 13% 23% 38% 33% 12% 20% 35% 14% 12% 32% 35% 26% 23% 32% 45% 37% 35% 28% 21% 26% 21% 14% 10% 88% 20% 79% 35% 50% 88% 11% 29% 53% 17% 19% 22% 36% 24% 79% 21%
 
 
4 Many newspapers, including the New York Times and Washington Post, require journalists to submit to drug testing for marijuana use, even if marijuana use is legal where the journalist lives. Should journalists be able to use marijuana in states where it is legal to do so? Or should newspapers punish journalists who use marijuana?
1500 Adults All Gender Age <50 / 50+ Race Party Affiliation Party Affiliation Ideology Ideology Education Income Religion Union Military Househo Abortion Registered Urbanity Region Cell Phone
Credibility Interval: ± 2.6 pct points Male Female 18-34 35-49 50-64 65+ 18-49 50+ White Black Hispanic Asian / Strong R Republic Indy Lea Independ Indy Lea Democrat Strong D Republic Independ Democrat Very Con Somewhat Moderate Somewhat Very Lib Conserva Moderate Liberal High Sch Some Col 4-year C < $40K $40K – $ > $80K Protesta Catholic Other Ch Somethin Yes No Yes No Pro-life Pro-choi Yes No Urban Suburban Rural Northeas Midwest South West Yes No
Should Be Able To Use 50% 51% 48% 62% 54% 48% 32% 58% 41% 49% 48% 59% 35% 36% 36% 48% 50% 65% 54% 58% 36% 53% 55% 28% 36% 53% 65% 70% 33% 53% 67% 49% 51% 49% 51% 53% 43% 40% 45% 46% 55% 48% 50% 50% 50% 38% 61% 50% 45% 55% 49% 44% 48% 48% 48% 55% 54% 34%
Punish Journalists Who Use 35% 36% 34% 25% 29% 35% 56% 27% 44% 37% 31% 27% 47% 57% 48% 37% 34% 20% 34% 30% 51% 32% 32% 59% 50% 30% 23% 22% 53% 30% 23% 33% 33% 38% 32% 33% 43% 46% 42% 38% 27% 40% 35% 39% 35% 49% 27% 36% 32% 31% 37% 37% 38% 35% 37% 31% 31% 51%
Not Sure 15% 13% 17% 13% 17% 17% 13% 15% 15% 14% 21% 14% 18% 7% 16% 16% 15% 14% 13% 12% 13% 15% 12% 13% 15% 17% 12% 8% 14% 17% 10% 18% 16% 13% 17% 14% 14% 14% 13% 16% 18% 13% 15% 11% 16% 14% 12% 14% 23% 14% 14% 19% 14% 17% 16% 14% 15% 15%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 48% 52% 23% 28% 29% 21% 50% 50% 68% 11% 13% 7% 7% 16% 12% 17% 9% 21% 13% 23% 38% 33% 12% 20% 35% 14% 12% 32% 35% 26% 23% 32% 45% 37% 35% 28% 21% 26% 21% 14% 10% 88% 20% 79% 35% 50% 88% 11% 29% 53% 17% 19% 22% 36% 24% 79% 21%
 
 
5 The federal government makes it a crime for individuals who use marijuana to purchase firearms, including those who consume medical marijuana legally in accordance with state law. Regardless of your opinion on gun policy or the Second Amendment, should people be allowed to purchase firearms regardless of whether they use marijuana?
1500 Adults All Gender Age <50 / 50+ Race Party Affiliation Party Affiliation Ideology Ideology Education Income Religion Union Military Househo Abortion Registered Urbanity Region Cell Phone
Credibility Interval: ± 2.6 pct points Male Female 18-34 35-49 50-64 65+ 18-49 50+ White Black Hispanic Asian / Strong R Republic Indy Lea Independ Indy Lea Democrat Strong D Republic Independ Democrat Very Con Somewhat Moderate Somewhat Very Lib Conserva Moderate Liberal High Sch Some Col 4-year C < $40K $40K – $ > $80K Protesta Catholic Other Ch Somethin Yes No Yes No Pro-life Pro-choi Yes No Urban Suburban Rural Northeas Midwest South West Yes No
Yes 48% 54% 43% 54% 60% 48% 27% 57% 39% 47% 47% 57% 48% 45% 43% 48% 46% 62% 53% 47% 43% 51% 51% 39% 43% 48% 60% 60% 41% 48% 60% 44% 52% 48% 47% 51% 45% 39% 46% 48% 53% 49% 49% 48% 48% 42% 55% 50% 35% 55% 44% 49% 39% 52% 46% 55% 51% 37%
No 37% 34% 40% 31% 26% 35% 63% 28% 47% 40% 36% 27% 38% 47% 41% 40% 37% 28% 34% 39% 43% 36% 36% 50% 44% 36% 24% 33% 46% 36% 28% 38% 34% 40% 36% 35% 44% 51% 41% 39% 32% 42% 37% 40% 37% 46% 33% 37% 38% 34% 41% 31% 45% 33% 42% 29% 34% 49%
Not Sure 14% 11% 17% 15% 14% 17% 11% 15% 14% 14% 17% 16% 14% 8% 16% 12% 18% 10% 12% 14% 14% 14% 13% 11% 13% 16% 16% 7% 12% 16% 12% 18% 14% 12% 17% 14% 11% 10% 13% 13% 15% 9% 15% 12% 15% 12% 12% 13% 27% 11% 14% 20% 16% 15% 12% 16% 15% 14%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 48% 52% 23% 28% 29% 21% 50% 50% 68% 11% 13% 7% 7% 16% 12% 17% 9% 21% 13% 23% 38% 33% 12% 20% 35% 14% 12% 32% 35% 26% 23% 32% 45% 37% 35% 28% 21% 26% 21% 14% 10% 88% 20% 79% 35% 50% 88% 11% 29% 53% 17% 19% 22% 36% 24% 79% 21%
 
 
 All Questions Crosstabbed By All Questions
 
1 Do you understand the difference between medical marijuana and recreational marijuana?
1500 Adults All Understand Difference? Laws Athlete Use Journalist Use Purchase Firearms?
Credibility Interval: ± 1.7 pct points Yes No Not Sure States S Arrest / Not Sure Should B Suspende Not Sure Should B Punish J Not Sure Yes No Not Sure
Yes 88% 91% 86% 71% 92% 84% 85% 91% 85% 83% 92% 84% 82%
No 5% 4% 5% 15% 4% 5% 10% 5% 4% 11% 4% 5% 10%
Not Sure 7% 6% 9% 14% 4% 12% 5% 4% 11% 7% 4% 11% 8%
Total 100%       100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100%       76% 12% 12% 46% 38% 16% 50% 35% 15% 48% 37% 14%
 
 
2 Medical marijuana is recommended by a doctor to treat a medical condition, and is legal in a majority of states. In 8 states, it is legal for adults over 21 to consume recreational marijuana legally, without needing a doctor’s involvement. But both medical AND recreational marijuana use violate federal law. Regardless of your own views about the legalization of marijuana, should states be able to enact their own marijuana laws without interference from the federal government? Or, should the federal government arrest and prosecute individuals who are following state marijuana laws?
1500 Adults All Understand Difference? Laws Athlete Use Journalist Use Purchase Firearms?
Credibility Interval: ± 2.2 pct points Yes No Not Sure States S Arrest / Not Sure Should B Suspende Not Sure Should B Punish J Not Sure Yes No Not Sure
States Should Enact Their Own 76% 79% 54% 60% 94% 58% 70% 94% 55% 67% 90% 63% 65%
Arrest / Prosecute Those Following 12% 12% 12% 15% 3% 26% 6% 2% 29% 6% 5% 23% 7%
Not Sure 12% 9% 34% 24% 4% 16% 24% 4% 16% 27% 6% 14% 27%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100%       100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 88% 5% 7%       46% 38% 16% 50% 35% 15% 48% 37% 14%
 
 
3 Some athletes say marijuana is a good, alternative pain-killer to opioids and prescription drugs. But the National Football League and Ultimate Fighting Championship suspend players for marijuana use even if marijuana is legal in the state where the player lives. Should athletes be able to use marijuana in states where it is legal to do so? Or, do you think athletes should be suspended for using marijuana even if they have broken no law?
1500 Adults All Understand Difference? Laws Athlete Use Journalist Use Purchase Firearms?
Credibility Interval: ± 2.6 pct points Yes No Not Sure States S Arrest / Not Sure Should B Suspende Not Sure Should B Punish J Not Sure Yes No Not Sure
Should Be Able To Use 46% 48% 36% 23% 56% 10% 15% 82% 9% 12% 68% 21% 33%
Suspended If They Use 38% 37% 34% 65% 29% 82% 53% 12% 80% 28% 23% 61% 32%
Not Sure 16% 16% 30% 11% 15% 8% 32% 7% 10% 60% 9% 17% 35%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%       100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 88% 5% 7% 76% 12% 12%       50% 35% 15% 48% 37% 14%
 
 
4 Many newspapers, including the New York Times and Washington Post, require journalists to submit to drug testing for marijuana use, even if marijuana use is legal where the journalist lives. Should journalists be able to use marijuana in states where it is legal to do so? Or should newspapers punish journalists who use marijuana?
1500 Adults All Understand Difference? Laws Athlete Use Journalist Use Purchase Firearms?
Credibility Interval: ± 2.6 pct points Yes No Not Sure States S Arrest / Not Sure Should B Suspende Not Sure Should B Punish J Not Sure Yes No Not Sure
Should Be Able To Use 50% 52% 43% 29% 61% 7% 18% 89% 15% 21% 72% 22% 45%
Punish Journalists Who Use 35% 34% 27% 56% 26% 85% 47% 7% 74% 23% 18% 64% 19%
Not Sure 15% 14% 30% 14% 13% 8% 34% 4% 11% 57% 10% 14% 37%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%       100% 100% 100%
Composition of Adults 100% 88% 5% 7% 76% 12% 12% 46% 38% 16%       48% 37% 14%
 
 
5 The federal government makes it a crime for individuals who use marijuana to purchase firearms, including those who consume medical marijuana legally in accordance with state law. Regardless of your opinion on gun policy or the Second Amendment, should people be allowed to purchase firearms regardless of whether they use marijuana?
1500 Adults All Understand Difference? Laws Athlete Use Journalist Use Purchase Firearms?
Credibility Interval: ± 2.6 pct points Yes No Not Sure States S Arrest / Not Sure Should B Suspende Not Sure Should B Punish J Not Sure Yes No Not Sure
Yes 48% 51% 35% 27% 57% 19% 23% 72% 28% 28% 70% 25% 30%
No 37% 36% 37% 57% 31% 73% 44% 18% 60% 41% 17% 68% 35%
Not Sure 14% 13% 28% 16% 12% 9% 33% 10% 12% 31% 13% 8% 35%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%      
Composition of Adults 100% 88% 5% 7% 76% 12% 12% 46% 38% 16% 50% 35% 15%      
 

National

Fox News Poll: Support for legalizing marijuana hits record high

With recreational use of marijuana now legal in nine states plus Washington D.C., the latest Fox News Poll finds a record number of voters nationally favor legalization.

The poll shows 59 percent of voters support legalizing marijuana. That’s up from 51 percent in 2015, and 46 percent in 2013 (the first time this question was asked on a Fox News Poll). In addition, only 26 percent favored making “smoking marijuana” legal in 2001.

Thirty-two percent now oppose legalizing pot, down from a high of 49 percent in 2013.

CLICK TO READ THE FULL POLL RESULTS

Marijuanapoll1

“This is a massive shift in opinion over a very short period. As more states legalize marijuana without the negative consequences opponents have warned about, support will likely continue to increase,” says Democratic pollster Chris Anderson, who conducts the Fox News Poll with Daron Shaw, his Republican counterpart.

Millennials (72 percent) are more likely than Gen Xers (60 percent) and baby boomers (52 percent) to support legalization.

Two-thirds of Democrats (68 percent) and independents (67 percent) favor legalization. Republicans split 46-46 percent. In 2015, 59 percent of Republicans were against it.

Marijuanapoll2

Majorities of very conservative voters (61 percent) and white evangelical Christians (53 percent) oppose legalization. However, opposition among those groups is down 14 and 16 points, respectively, from five years ago.

“When you look at the growing percentage of people who say they support legalizing marijuana, especially among those under 30 years of age, it’s obvious why the Democrats are anxious to get pot initiatives on the ballot in statewide elections,” says Shaw.

Despite the largely positive sentiments, the drug may face a legal battle with the Trump administration; Attorney General Jeff Sessions rescinded Obama-era marijuana policies by issuing a memo January 4 allowing U.S. attorneys to decide how aggressively to enforce federal laws in states where it has been legalized.

The Fox News poll is based on landline and cellphone interviews with 1,002 randomly chosen registered voters nationwide and was conducted under the joint direction of Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R) from January 21-23, 2018. The poll has a margin of sampling error of plus or minus three percentage points for all registered voters.

Record-High Support for Legalizing Marijuana Use in U.S.

by Justin McCarthy
 

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Support for legalization at highest point in nearly five decades
  • Majority of Republicans now support legalizing marijuana

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Americans continue to warm to legalizing marijuana, with 64% now saying its use should be made legal. This is the highest level of public support Gallup has found for the proposal in nearly a half-century of measurement.

Trend: Americans' Support for Legalizing Marijuana Continues to Rise

The latest figure, based on an Oct. 5-11 Gallup poll, follows shifts in the U.S. legal landscape regarding marijuana since Gallup’s 2016 measure. While still illegal at the federal level, the issue was featured on a number of state ballot initiatives in 2016, and with eight states and the District of Columbia having fully legalized marijuana, more than one in five Americans live in a state where they can legally enjoy use of the drug.

Gallup first asked national adults about their views on the topic in 1969, when 12% supported legalization. Support had more than doubled by the end of the next decade but changed little throughout the 1980s and 1990s. By 2001, however, about a third of Americans favored legalizing marijuana, and support has steadily increased since. A majority of Americans have consistently supported legalizing marijuana since 2013.

The trajectory of Americans’ views on marijuana is similar to that of their views on same-sex marriage over the past couple of decades. On both issues, about a quarter supported legalization in the late 1990s, and today 64% favor each. Over the past several years, Gallup has found that Americans have become more liberal on a variety of social issues.

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Majority of Republicans Now Support Legalizing Marijuana

Democrats and independents have historically been much more likely than Republicans to say marijuana should be legalized. In 2009, Democrats were the first partisan group to see majority support for legalization, followed by independents in 2010.

This year for the first time, a majority of Republicans express support for legalizing marijuana; the current 51% is up nine percentage points from last year.

Republican Support for Legal Marijuana Now at Majority Level

Bottom Line

As efforts to legalize marijuana at the state level continue to yield successes, public opinion, too, has shifted toward greater support. The Department of Justice under the current Republican administration has been perceived as hostile to state-level legalization. But Attorney General Jeff Sessions could find himself out of step with his own party if the current trends continue. Rank-and-file Republicans’ views on the issue have evolved just as Democrats’ and independents’ have, though Republicans remain least likely to support legalizing pot.

SURVEY METHODS

Results for this Gallup poll are based on telephone interviews conducted Oct. 5-11, 2017, with a random sample of 1,028 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. For results based on the total sample of national adults, the margin of sampling error is ±4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. All reported margins of sampling error include computed design effects for weighting.

Each sample of national adults includes a minimum quota of 70% cellphone respondents and 30% landline respondents, with additional minimum quotas by time zone within region. Landline and cellular telephone numbers are selected using random-digit-dial methods.

View survey methodology, complete question responses and trends.

Learn more about how the Gallup Poll Social Series works.

Undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children, so-called “Dreamers,” should be allowed to remain in the U.S. and apply for citizenship, 79 percent of American voters say in a Quinnipiac University National Poll released today. Another 7 percent say Dreamers should be allowed to stay but not apply for citizenship, and 11 percent say Dreamers should be required to leave the U.S. 

Support for allowing dreamers to stay and apply for citizenship ranges from 64 percent among Republicans to 92 percent among Democrats, the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN-uh-pe- ack) University Poll finds. 

American voters oppose 63 – 34 percent building a wall along the border with Mexico. Republicans support The Wall 78 – 19 percent and white voters with no college degree are divided with 47 percent supporting The Wall and 49 percent opposed. Every other party, gender, education, age and racial group opposes The Wall. 

Looking at marijuana, voters say 58 – 36 percent, including 79 – 17 percent among voters 18 to 34 years old, that marijuana use should be made legal. Voters also support 91 – 6 percent the legalization of medical marijuana. 

Every party, gender, education, age and racial group supports legalization of marijuana except Republicans, who are opposed 62 – 33 percent, and voters over 65 years old, who are opposed 50 – 41 percent. Hispanic voters are divided 48 – 48 percent. 

Voters oppose 70 – 23 percent enforcing federal marijuana laws in states that have legalized medical or recreational marijuana. No listed group supports enforcing federal laws. “Looking at immigration, voters insist emphatically, ‘Don’t dash the dream.’ Voters say that immigrants who were brought here as kids should be allowed to live out their adult lives here as citizens,” said Tim Malloy, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Poll. 

“The demographics say pot is here to stay, either for fun or to provide medical comfort,” Malloy added. “And the message to Attorney General Jeff Sessions: Hands off.” 

American voters have a 47 – 14 percent unfavorable opinion of U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions, while 37 percent haven’t heard enough about him to form an opinion of him. The Tax Plan 

Voters disapprove 52 – 32 percent of the recently enacted Republican tax plan. Support is 76 – 7 percent among Republicans. White voters with no college degree are divided, with 41 percent approving of the tax plan and 38 percent disapproving. White men are divided at 46 percent approve of the plan and 43 percent disapprove. Every other listed group disapproves. 

The tax plan will increase their taxes, 33 percent of voters say, as 24 percent say the plan will reduce their taxes and 37 percent say it will not have much impact. 

The wealthy will benefit most from this plan, 66 percent of American voters say, while 22 percent say the middle class will benefit most and 4 percent say low income people will benefit most. 

North Korea 

American voters say 61 – 36 percent they do not have confidence in President Donald Trump to handle the situation with North Korea. 

But voters say 59 – 27 percent that the U.S. will be able to resolve the situation with North Korea diplomatically, rather than through military force. 

And voters say 66 – 26 percent that it is not likely the U.S. will get into a nuclear conflict with North Korea in the near future. 

Trump Tweeting 

American voters say 69 – 26 percent, including 49 – 44 percent among Republicans, that President Trump should stop tweeting from his personal account. 

From January 5 – 9, Quinnipiac University surveyed 1,106 voters nationwide with a margin of error of +/- 3.6 percentage points, including the design effect. Live interviewers call landlines and cell phones. 

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts nationwide public opinion surveys, and statewide polls in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Florida, Ohio, Virginia, Iowa and Colorado as a public service and for research. 

Visit poll.qu.edu or www.facebook.com/quinnipiacpoll 

Call (203) 582-5201, or follow us on Twitter @QuinnipiacPoll. 

2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Republicans in Congress are handling their job?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Approve              21%    51%     5%    16%    21%    20%    24%    24%
Disapprove           72     42     93     74     71     74     70     66
DK/NA                 7      8      2     11      8      6      5     10
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              19%    20%    22%    23%    23%    25%    24%     8%    19%
Disapprove           68     75     74     69     68     69     68     89     71
DK/NA                13      5      4      7      9      6      8      3     10
 

TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Republicans in Congress are handling their job?

                     App     Dis     DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         21      72       7
Dec 13, 2017         20      72       8
Nov 14, 2017         15      79       6
Oct 11, 2017         17      77       6
Sep 27, 2017         15      78       7
Jun 29, 2017         25      70       5
Jun 08, 2017         19      73       7
May 25, 2017         21      70       9
May 10, 2017         22      71       7
Apr 19, 2017         24      68       7
Apr 04, 2017         21      70       9
Mar 22, 2017         29      64       7
Feb 22, 2017         31      62       8
Link to full trend on website
 
 

3. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Democrats in Congress are handling their job?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Approve              31%    11%    55%    24%    27%    33%    34%    27%
Disapprove           59     86     37     60     62     56     58     62
DK/NA                11      3      9     16     11     10      8     11
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              29%    34%    30%    32%    26%    35%    30%    36%    29%
Disapprove           53     57     62     62     65     56     60     49     57
DK/NA                17     10      8      6     10      9      9     15     14
 

TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Democrats in Congress are handling their job?

                     App     Dis     DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         31      59      11 
Dec 13, 2017         30      61       8
Nov 14, 2017         29      63       8
Oct 11, 2017         28      65       8
Sep 27, 2017         29      63       8
Jun 29, 2017         29      64       7
Jun 08, 2017         28      63       9
May 25, 2017         28      63       9
May 10, 2017         34      58       9
Apr 19, 2017         29      63       7
Apr 04, 2017         34      57       9
Mar 22, 2017         30      60      10
Feb 22, 2017         32      59       8
Link to full trend on website
 
 

4. If the election were today, would you want to see the Republican Party or the Democratic Party win control of the United States House of Representatives?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Republican Party     35%    91%     2%    30%    39%    32%    38%    47%
Democratic Party     52      4     94     47     47     56     54     39
DK/NA                13      5      4     23     14     12      8     14
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Republican Party     24%    36%    37%    42%    47%    39%    43%    11%    26%
Democratic Party     58     55     51     46     42     49     46     71     61
DK/NA                18      9     11     12     11     12     11     18     13
 

TREND: If the election were today, would you want to see the Republican Party or the Democratic Party win control of the United States House of Representatives?

                     Rep     Dem
                     Party   Party   DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         35      52      13 
Dec 19, 2017         37      52      12
Dec 13, 2017         37      49      13
Dec 05, 2017         36      50      13
Nov 14, 2017         38      51      11
Oct 11, 2017         41      49      10
Sep 27, 2017         38      47      15
Aug 24, 2017         38      50      11
Aug 17, 2017         40      50      10
Aug 03, 2017         38      52      10
Jun 29, 2017         41      51       9
Jun 08, 2017         39      51      10
May 10, 2017         38      54       8
Link to full trend on website
 
 

5. If the election were today, would you want to see the Republican Party or the Democratic Party win control of the United States Senate?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Republican Party     36%    92%     3%    30%    41%    32%    40%    47%
Democratic Party     53      4     94     49     47     58     53     40
DK/NA                11      4      3     20     13     10      6     13
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Republican Party     25%    36%    39%    44%    49%    40%    44%     9%    29%
Democratic Party     58     56     53     47     41     51     46     77     60
DK/NA                17      8      9      9     10      9     10     14     10
 

TREND: If the election were today, would you want to see the Republican Party or the Democratic Party win control of the United States Senate?

                     Rep     Dem
                     Party   Party   DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         36      53      11 
Dec 19, 2017         37      53      10
Dec 13, 2017         39      51      10
Dec 05, 2017         37      51      12
Nov 14, 2017         39      52       8
Oct 11, 2017         43      49       8
Sep 27, 2017         40      49      12
Aug 24, 2017         40      51       9
Aug 17, 2017         41      51       8
Aug 03, 2017         39      53       8
Jun 29, 2017         41      51       8
Jun 08, 2017         39      52       8
Link to full trend on website
 
 

26. Is your opinion of Jeff Sessions favorable, unfavorable or haven’t you heard enough about him?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Favorable            14%    24%     5%    15%    18%    10%    16%    14%
Unfavorable          47     22     67     45     49     44     55     33
Hvn't hrd enough     37     50     27     37     30     43     28     49
REFUSED               3      4      1      4      3      2      2      4
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Favorable             8%    13%    15%    17%    18%    12%    15%     9%    15%
Unfavorable          39     51     49     49     47     40     43     58     45
Hvn't hrd enough     49     36     33     31     30     46     39     34     37
REFUSED               4      1      3      3      4      2      3      -      3
 

TREND: Is your opinion of Jeff Sessions favorable, unfavorable or haven’t you heard enough about him?

                     Fav     Unfav   HvntHrd REF
 
Jan 11, 2018         14      47      37       3
Oct 11, 2017         22      45      31       3
Aug 02, 2017         27      41      29       2
Mar 08, 2017         23      43      33       1
 
 

27. Do you think that the use of marijuana should be made legal in the United States, or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes                  58%    33%    70%    64%    63%    54%    61%    54%
No                   36     62     24     29     32     39     32     40
DK/NA                 6      5      5      7      5      6      7      6
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  79%    61%    56%    41%    61%    54%    57%    62%    48%
No                   17     34     39     50     32     39     36     35     48
DK/NA                 4      4      5     10      7      7      7      4      4
 

TREND: Do you think that the use of marijuana should be made legal in the United States, or not?

                     Yes     No      DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         58      36       6
Aug 03, 2017         61      33       5 
Apr 20, 2017         60      34       6
Feb 23, 2017         59      36       5
Link to full trend on website
 
 

28. Do you support or oppose allowing adults to legally use marijuana for medical purposes if their doctor prescribes it?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Support              91%    80%    95%    96%    90%    92%    95%    90%
Oppose                6     13      5      3      8      5      4      7
DK/NA                 2      7      1      1      2      3      1      3
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Support              92%    90%    91%    91%    92%    93%    92%    89%    83%
Oppose                7      6      7      7      6      5      6      9     11
DK/NA                 1      4      2      3      2      2      2      2      6
 

TREND: Do you support or oppose allowing adults to legally use marijuana for medical purposes if their doctor prescribes it?

                     Sup     Opp     DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         91       6       2
Aug 03, 2017         94       4       1 
Apr 20, 2017         94       5       1 
Feb 23, 2017         93       6       1
Link to full trend on website
 
 

29. Would you support or oppose the government enforcing federal laws against marijuana in states that have already legalized medical or recreational marijuana?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Support              23%    42%    12%    19%    23%    22%    20%    26%
Oppose               70     47     81     76     70     70     74     65
DK/NA                 7     11      7      5      7      7      5      9
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Support              17%    21%    24%    30%    24%    23%    23%    18%    25%
Oppose               78     72     69     63     69     70     70     79     63
DK/NA                 5      6      6      8      7      7      7      3     11
 

TREND: Would you support or oppose the government enforcing federal laws against marijuana in states that have already legalized medical or recreational marijuana?

                     Sup     Opp     DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         23      70       7
Aug 03, 2017         20      75       5
Apr 20, 2017         21      73       6
Feb 23, 2017         23      71       6
 
 

30. Which comes closest to your view about undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children? A) They should be allowed to stay in the United States and to eventually apply for U.S. citizenship. B) They should be allowed to remain in the United States, but not be allowed to apply for U.S. citizenship. C) They should be required to leave the U.S.

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
A) Stay/Citizenship  79%    64%    92%    77%    72%    85%    83%    69%
B) Stay/Not citizen   7     12      4      8     11      4      6      9
C) Not stay          11     20      3     12     15      7      9     16
DK/NA                 3      4      1      4      2      4      2      5
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
A) Stay/Citizenship  84%    82%    71%    79%    69%    82%    76%    88%    87%
B) Stay/Not citizen   6      7      9      7     11      6      8      4      8
C) Not stay           9      8     15     10     19      8     13      5      3
DK/NA                 -      4      5      4      2      5      4      2      3
 

TREND: Which comes closest to your view about undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children? A) They should be allowed to stay in the United States and to eventually apply for U.S. citizenship. B) They should be allowed to remain in the United States, but not be allowed to apply for U.S. citizenship. C) They should be required to leave the U.S.

                     Stay/   Stay/   Not 
                     Citiz   NotCit  Stay    DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         79       7      11       3
Dec 13, 2017         77       7      12       3
Sep 28, 2017         82       6      10       2
 
 

31. Do you have confidence in President Trump to handle the situation with North Korea or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Confidence       36%    82%     6%    33%    43%    30%    37%    50%
No                   61     15     92     63     54     67     61     47
DK/NA                 3      3      2      4      3      2      2      2
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Confidence       26%    33%    42%    42%    50%    38%    44%     9%    23%
No                   71     66     54     54     48     59     54     86     73
DK/NA                 3      1      4      4      2      2      2      5      4
 

TREND: Do you have confidence in President Trump to handle the situation with North Korea or not?

                     Yes     No      DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         36      61       3 
Dec 12, 2017         39      59       2
Nov 14, 2017         40      57       3
Oct 12, 2017         40      57       2
Sep 28, 2017         41      56       2
Aug 24, 2017         42      54       4 
Aug 16, 2017         42      56       3
 
 

32. Do you think the United States will be able to resolve the situation with North Korea diplomatically or will the United States need to use military force to resolve the situation with North Korea?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Diplomatically       59%    50%    61%    61%    59%    58%    65%    55%
Military force       27     33     26     25     30     24     20     28
DK/NA                15     16     13     15     11     18     15     18
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Diplomatically       61%    51%    58%    62%    60%    59%    60%    57%    56%
Military force       31     38     25     17     28     21     24     29     39
DK/NA                 8     11     18     20     13     20     16     14      6
 

TREND: Do you think the United States will be able to resolve the situation with North Korea diplomatically, or will the United States need to use military force to resolve the situation with North Korea?

                     Diplom- Miltry
                     atic    Force   DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         59      27      15
Dec 12, 2017         54      32      14
Nov 14, 2017         62      24      14
Oct 12, 2017         54      29      17
Sep 28, 2017         50      35      15 
Aug 24, 2017         64      26      11 
Aug 16, 2017         60      30      10
 
 

33. Do you think that it is likely that the United States will get into a nuclear conflict with North Korea in the near future, or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Likely           26%    16%    39%    22%    20%    32%    16%    26%
No                   66     76     55     69     74     59     76     65
DK/NA                 8      8      6      9      6     10      8      9
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Likely           31%    29%    25%    24%    14%    28%    21%    37%    40%
No                   64     65     67     65     80     62     70     59     55
DK/NA                 5      6      8     12      6     11      9      4      5
 
 

34. Do you support or oppose building a wall along the border with Mexico?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Support              34%    78%     8%    30%    40%    29%    34%    47%
Oppose               63     19     91     66     59     67     64     49
DK/NA                 3      3      1      4      1      4      2      4
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Support              22%    31%    38%    45%    45%    37%    41%    13%    24%
Oppose               75     68     58     54     53     59     56     82     76
DK/NA                 3      1      4      1      2      4      3      5      -
 

TREND: Do you support or oppose building a wall along the border with Mexico?

                     Sup     Opp     DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         34      63       3
Dec 13, 2017         36      62       2
Sep 28, 2017         37      60       3
May 11, 2017         33      64       3 
Apr 20, 2017         33      64       3 
Apr 05, 2017         33      64       3 
Feb 23, 2017         37      60       3
Feb 08, 2017         38      59       3
Nov 23, 2016         42      55       3
 
 

35. Do you approve or disapprove of the Republican tax plan?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Approve              32%    76%     5%    27%    38%    26%    34%    41%
Disapprove           52      7     85     52     49     55     56     38
DK/NA                16     17     10     21     13     19     10     21
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              24%    31%    34%    38%    46%    31%    38%     7%    29%
Disapprove           53     58     50     48     43     50     47     78     52
DK/NA                23     11     16     14     11     19     16     15     19
 

TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the Republican tax plan?

                     App     Dis     DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         32      52      16
Dec 13, 2017         26      55      18
Dec 05, 2017         29      53      18
Nov 15, 2017         25      52      23
 
 

36. Do you think the Republican tax plan will increase your taxes, reduce your taxes, or will it not have much impact either way?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Increase taxes       33%     9%    51%    34%    27%    39%    31%    25%
Reduce taxes         24     44     12     22     33     16     27     25
Not much impact      37     42     33     37     35     38     37     43
DK/NA                 6      5      5      7      5      7      5      7
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Increase taxes       36%    39%    31%    28%    20%    35%    28%    54%    37%
Reduce taxes         21     29     26     19     36     18     26     14     25
Not much impact      39     27     36     47     38     41     40     26     34
DK/NA                 5      5      7      6      6      6      6      6      4
 

TREND: Do you think the Republican tax plan will increase your taxes, reduce your taxes, or will it not have much impact either way?

                                     No
                     Incr    Reduce  Impact  DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         33      24      37       6
Dec 13, 2017         44      16      30      10
Dec 05, 2017         41      20      32       8
Nov 15, 2017         35      16      36      12
 
 

37. Who do you think will benefit the most from this plan: low income Americans, middle class Americans, or wealthy Americans?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Low income            4%     7%     1%     6%     4%     4%     5%     6%
Middle class         22     57      3     17     27     18     21     30
Wealthy              66     22     96     68     62     69     66     54
DK/NA                 8     14      -      9      7      8      8     11
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Low income            3%     3%     4%     7%     5%     6%     5%     -      7%
Middle class         21     21     22     25     31     21     26     11     20
Wealthy              72     69     62     61     55     63     60     86     68
DK/NA                 3      7     12      7      9     10      9      3      5
 

TREND: Who do you think will benefit the most from this plan: low income Americans, middle class Americans, or wealthy Americans?

                     Low     Middle          
                     Income  Class   Wealthy DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018          4      22      66       8
Dec 13, 2017          4      21      65       9
Dec 05, 2017          5      24      64       8
Nov 15, 2017          6      24      61       9
 
 

38. Do you think that the Justice Department should reopen the investigation into Hillary Clinton’s use of a private email server, or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Reopen           37%    69%    10%    39%    42%    32%    34%    51%
No                   61     28     89     59     56     66     64     47
DK/NA                 2      2      1      2      2      2      2      2
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Reopen           33%    30%    40%    43%    48%    38%    43%    17%    21%
No                   64     69     58     56     49     60     55     83     75
DK/NA                 4      1      2      1      3      1      2      -      4
 
 

39. As president, do you think Donald Trump should continue tweeting from his personal Twitter account, or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Should           26%    44%    11%    28%    35%    19%    27%    33%
No                   69     49     87     66     61     76     68     59
DK/NA                 5      7      3      5      5      5      5      7
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Should           20%    23%    30%    32%    37%    24%    30%    11%    24%
No                   79     74     65     61     58     69     64     87     73
DK/NA                 2      3      6      7      5      7      6      2      3
 

TREND: As president, do you think Donald Trump should continue tweeting from his personal Twitter account, or not?

                     Yes     No      DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         26      69       5 
Dec 05, 2017         28      66       5
Nov 14, 2017         33      63       5 
Oct 11, 2017         27      70       3
Sep 27, 2017         26      69       4 
Aug 23, 2017         28      69       4
Aug 17, 2017         31      66       3
Aug 02, 2017         27      69       4
Jun 29, 2017         32      61       7
May 10, 2017         33      61       6 
Apr 19, 2017         28      68       4
 
 

40. As you may know, a book by Michael Wolff about President Trump and his administration has been released. The book’s title is Fire and Fury. Based on what you have heard about the book, do you think it is mostly true or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Mostly true      42%    13%    64%    43%    40%    44%    47%    33%
No                   27     56      9     25     30     25     26     36
DK/NA                31     31     27     32     31     31     27     31
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Mostly true      42%    45%    40%    42%    40%    39%    40%    61%    31%
No                   17     25     30     37     32     31     31     11     28
DK/NA                41     30     31     21     28     30     29     28     41
 
 

41. Do you think that the Russian government tried to influence the 2016 presidential election, or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Tried influence  68%    43%    88%    68%    69%    66%    75%    56%
No                   27     49     10     27     26     27     21     37
DK/NA                 6      8      2      6      5      6      4      6
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Tried influence  65%    72%    66%    68%    70%    61%    65%    83%    66%
No                   31     21     28     26     25     33     29     11     29
DK/NA                 4      7      6      5      4      6      5      7      6
 

TREND: Do you think that the Russian government tried to influence the 2016 presidential election, or not?

                     Yes     No      DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         68      27       6
Dec 12, 2017         73      22       5
 
 

42. As you may know, Special Counsel Robert Mueller was appointed to oversee the criminal investigation into any links or coordination between President Trump’s campaign and the Russian government. Do you think that he is conducting a fair investigation into this matter, or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes/Fair             59%    37%    75%    61%    59%    59%    65%    52%
No                   26     46     16     22     29     23     23     30
DK/NA                15     17      8     18     12     18     12     18
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes/Fair             62%    58%    57%    61%    59%    58%    58%    65%    47%
No                   27     26     27     25     30     24     27     27     29
DK/NA                11     16     16     14     12     18     15      7     24
 

TREND: As you may know, Special Counsel Robert Mueller was appointed to oversee the criminal investigation into any links or coordination between President Trump’s campaign and the Russian government. Do you think that he is conducting a fair investigation into this matter, or not?

                     Yes     No      DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         59      26      15
Dec 12, 2017         58      29      13
Nov 15, 2017         60      27      13
 
 

43. Do you believe that President Trump has attempted to derail or obstruct the investigation into the Russian interference in the 2016 election, or not?

                                                               WHITE......
                                                               COLLEGE DEG
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Yes    No
 
Yes                  56%    15%    89%    54%    50%    61%    57%    43%
No                   39     78      9     40     45     33     39     51
DK/NA                 6      8      2      6      5      6      4      6
 
                     AGE IN YRS..............    WHITE.....
                     18-34  35-49  50-64  65+    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  65%    61%    53%    47%    45%    53%    49%    81%    60%
No                   31     32     43     45     51     41     45     16     30
DK/NA                 3      6      4      8      4      6      5      2     10
 

TREND: Do you believe that President Trump has attempted to derail or obstruct the investigation into the Russian interference in the 2016 election, or not?

                     Yes     No      DK/NA
 
Jan 11, 2018         56      39       6
Dec 12, 2017         57      38       5
Nov 15, 2017         53      43       4 
Aug 24, 2017         56      38       6
Aug 16, 2017         57      38       6
Aug 02, 2017         58      37       4 
Jun 29, 2017         55      41       4


Support for marijuana legalization continues to rise

An updated version of this post reflecting data through October 2017 can be found here.

The share of Americans who favor legalizing the use of marijuana continues to increase. Today, 57% of U.S. adults say the use of marijuana should be made legal, while 37% say it should be illegal. A decade ago, opinion on legalizing marijuana was nearly the reverse – just 32% favored legalization, while 60% were opposed.

The shift in public opinion on the legalization of marijuana has occurred during a time when many U.S. states are relaxing their restrictions on the drug or legalizing it altogether. In June, Ohio became the 25th state (plus Washington, D.C., Guam and Puerto Rico) to legalize marijuana in some form after Gov. John Kasich signed a medical marijuana program into law. This November, Americans in nine states will vote on measures to establish or expand legal marijuana use.

Young adults have disproportionately driven the shift toward public support of the drug, though support is rising among other generations as well. Millennials – those ages 18 to 35 in 2016 – are more than twice as likely to support legalization of marijuana as they were in 2006 (71% today, up from 34% in 2006), and are significantly more likely to support legalization than other generations. 

Support for marijuana legalization has also increased among members of Generation X and Baby Boomers (ages 36-51 and 52-70 in 2016, respectively). More than half of Gen Xers (57%) support legalization, a considerable jump from just 21% in 1990. A majority of Boomers (56%) also support legalization, up from just 17% in 1990.

The Pew Research Center survey, conducted Aug. 23-Sept. 2 among 1,201 U.S. adults, also finds persistent partisan and ideological divides in public opinion on marijuana legalization.

By more than two-to-one, Democrats favor legalizing marijuana over having it be illegal (66% vs. 30%). Most Republicans (55%) oppose marijuana legalization, while 41% favor it.

Republicans are internally divided over marijuana legalization. By a wide margin (63% to 35%), moderate and liberal Republicans favor legalizing the use of marijuana. By contrast, 62% of conservative Republicans oppose legalizing marijuana use, while just 33% favor it.

The differences among Democrats are more modest. Liberal Democrats are 23 percentage points more likely than conservative and moderate Democrats to favor legalization (78% vs. 55%).

As past Pew Research Center surveys have found, Hispanics are less supportive of legalizing marijuana than are whites or blacks. Hispanics are divided – 49% say the use of marijuana should be illegal, while 46% say it should be legal. Identical majorities of whites and blacks (59% each) favor marijuana legalization.

 


Should marijuana be legal in Michigan? 57% of voters say yes

Exclusive Local 4-Detroit News poll

 

  • Share Your Opinion

DETROIT – With a proposal to legalize recreational Marijuana in Michigan likely heading to the 2018 ballot in November’s election, a new poll reveals where voters stand on the controversial measure.

An exclusive Local 4-Detroit News poll found 56.6% of voters support the proposal while 36.7% oppose it.

6.7% of voters were undecided.

Here’s what else the poll found:

    • While 37.8% would strongly support the proposal, 29.0% would strongly oppose the proposal.  
    • Party affiliation appears to bear some influence as a predictor on this proposal.   The chart below compares positions by party affiliation:

Party                Support           Oppose

Strong Dem     71.5%              24.3%

Lean Dem       67.0%              24.9%

Independent    51.1%              41.3%

Lean GOP       44.7%              48.4%

Strong GOP    43.5%              53.4%

 

  • The greatest indicator on a voters’ position, however, is based on whether or not they have smoked marijuana at some point in their life.   47.5% of voters said they have tried marijuana.   48.8% of voters said they have not tried marijuana. 
    • Among voters that have tried marijuana, the proposal passed by a margin of 72.7%-22.8%.
    • Among voters that have not tried marijuana, the proposal fails by a margin of 40.6%-51.5%.

 The poll was conducted by the Glengariff Group, Inc and surveyed 600 Michigan residents who would likely vote in November’s 2018 General Election.

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